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Objective Structured Assessment of Debriefing, Bringing Science to the Art of Debriefing in Surgery; Sonal Arora, PhD,∗ Maria Ahmed, MPH,∗ John Paige, MD,† Debra Nestel, PhD,‡ Jane Runnacles, MBBS,∗ Louise Hull, MSc,∗ Ara Darzi, MD, FACS,∗ and Nick Sevdalis, PhD∗; Annals of Surgery Volume 256, Number 6, December 2012.

Identifying best practice guidelines for debriefing in surgery: a tri-continental study; Maria Ahmed, M.P.H., Ram Paragi-Gururaja, M.D., Nick Sevdalis, Ph.D., Debra Nestel, Ph.D., John Paige, M.D., Sonal Arora, Ph.D.,* The American Journal of Surgery, Vol 203, No 4, April 2012.

Adaptation of the US Army’s After-Action Review for Simulation Debriefing in Healthcare; Taylor Lee Sawyer, DO, MEd; Shad Deering, MD Operation Debrief: A SHARP improvement in performance feedback in the Operating Room. Ahmed M, Arora S, Russ Sj, Darzi A, Vincent C, Sevdalis N. Annals of Surgery Volume 258, Number 6, December 2013.

Do Team and Individual Debriefs Enhance Performance? A Meta-Analysis; Scott I. Tannenbaum and Christopher P. Cerasoli. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2013 55: 231 originally published online 4 June 2012.

The London Handbook for Debriefing, Enhancing performance debriefing in clinical and simulated settings; Imperial College, London Rudolph JW, Simon R, Dufresne RL, Raemer DB.

There's no such thing as "nonjudgmental" debriefing: a theory and method for debriefing with good judgment. Simul Healthc. Spring 2006;1(1):49-55.

The role of debriefing in simulation-based learning. Fanning RM, Gaba DM. Simul Healthc. Summer 2007;2(2):115-125.

Looking in the mirror: self-debriefing versus instructor debriefing for simulated crises. Boet S, Bould MD, Bruppacher HR, Desjardins F, Chandra DB, Naik VN. Crit Care Med. Jun 2011;39(6):1377-1381.

Within-team debriefing versus instructor-led debriefing for simulation-based education: a randomized controlled trial. Boet S, Bould MD, Sharma B, Reeves S, Naik V, Triby E, Grantcharov T. Ann Surg. Jul 2013;258(1):53-58.

Debriefing for technology-enhanced simulation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Cheng A, Eppich W, Grant V, Sherbino J, Zendejas B, Cook DA. Med Educ. Jul 2014;48(7):657-666.

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